Day of the Dead
The Day of the Dead is considered a celebration to the memory and a ritual that privileges the memory over the oblivion.
The Mexican families commemorated their dead since before the arrival of the Spanish in their territory and for them death does not represent an absence but a living presence, which returns to them on this special date. For the indigenous, it was a question of returning home to the souls of the deceased, to live with the relatives and to nourish themselves from the essence of the food offered to them in the altars placed in their honor.
The day of the dead as we know it today, is the result of the union between the celebration of the Catholic religious rituals brought by the Spaniards and the commemoration of the day of the dead that the natives performed since pre-Hispanic times (such as Mexica, Mixtecas, Texcocanos, Zapotecas, Tlaxcaltecas, Totonacas and other peoples)
This celebration is divided into two main moments, the 1st of November is celebrated the day of All Saints (dedicated mainly to the animas of children) and the 2nd of November are dedicated to the Faithful Deceased (the deceased adults), during these days the animals return to the world of the living.
For these tributes, families place altars with photos of their dead and decorate with cempasúchil flowers, pieces of paper, candies, "dead bread" and all the dishes they liked. In addition, as the natives did, they also place incense in this place and decorate the tombs and stones with flowers (this so that the animals have a good way on their return to this world)
Since 2008, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has declared this festival an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, because of its importance and significance.
In every part of Mexico it is celebrated in a different way, but all under the same slogan and is to reunite all the families and give a warm welcome to their loved ones who return to the world of the living for that moment. Cool fact, some of the most special places to visit during this time are Mexico City, Oaxaca, Michoacán and Puebla.
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